Source of Organic Matter and Paleo-Environmental Reconstruction 13 Using 8 C Isotope from Mid-Siwalik Sediments of a Late Miocene Himalayan Foreland Basin, Pakistan

Paleo-Environmental Reconstruction

Authors

  • Abbas Ali Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, P.O. Box 658, Lahore, 54600 Pakistan
  • Pan Jiayong State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and Environment, East China University of Technology, 418-Guanglan Avenue, Nanchang, 330013 China,
  • Yan Jie State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and Environment, East China University of Technology, 418-Guanglan Avenue, Nanchang, 330013 China,
  • Ahmad Nabi East China University of Technology, 418-Guanglan Avenue, Nanchang, 330013 China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52763/PJSIR.PHYS.SCI.63.1.2020.55.64

Keywords:

stable carbon, organic matter, paleo-environment, siwalik, miocene, himalaya, Pakistan

Abstract

 This study examined the stable carbon isotope13 (8 C) and characterization of sources of organic matter from core samples of sandstones of mid-Siwalik group Dhok Pathan Formation from Surghar- Shingar Range of NW Himalayan foreland Fold-and-Thrust-Belt. These sediments have recorded valuable information regarding the palaeo-vegetation type and paleo-environment/depositional environments. The analytical results of stable carbon isotope range from -24.50 to -28.43% with an average value of -26.56%. These values correspond to C3 vegetation of cool growing season and support the hypothesis of the dominance of C3 biomass in the ecosystem during the late-Miocene in this area. The phytoclasts are  characterized as huminite/vitrinite, derived from terrestrial plants and referred to as type-III kerogen. The fungal attack, scaring and pitting of bacterial activity, biochemical degradation, replacement/diagenetic development of pyrite suggest that these sandstones of Dhok Pathan Formation were deposited under dyoxic conditions and thus these sandstones are primary reduced sandstones.

 

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Published

2020-03-18

How to Cite

Ali, A., Jiayong, P., Jie, Y., & Nabi, A. (2020). Source of Organic Matter and Paleo-Environmental Reconstruction 13 Using 8 C Isotope from Mid-Siwalik Sediments of a Late Miocene Himalayan Foreland Basin, Pakistan: Paleo-Environmental Reconstruction. Pakistan Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research Series A: Physical Sciences, 63(1), 55–64. https://doi.org/10.52763/PJSIR.PHYS.SCI.63.1.2020.55.64